The Finnish museum sector is broad and varied. There are over 300 professionally maintained museum sites in Finland, as well as several hundred non-professional museums.
The National Gallery, the National Museum of Finland and the Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS are national museums that also participate in the steering of museums that fall under their sphere of operations.
In addition, Finland has 16 national specialised museums, the tasks of which include promoting and steering museum operations in their specialist fields. At the regional level, Finland has 22 regional museums and 16 regional art museums, which promote and steer the operations of cultural history museums and art museums and develop museum cooperation in their own areas.
Finland’s local museums include both professionally and non-professionally managed museums. Professionally managed museums have at least two employees who are full-time museum professionals. In addition to these, Finland has hundreds of local museums and collection exhibitions maintained primarily by non-profit organisations and municipalities that are mainly open in the summer.
In accordance with the Museums Act, Finland supports the operations of municipal museums as well as museums maintained by foundations and associations by providing statutory state aid, the amount of which is determined based on the museums’ number of employees in person-years. More information on the operations of professionally managed museums is provided in the annually published Museum Statistics.